Alley – Wikipedia work out housing benefit

In older cities and towns in europe, alleys are often what is left of a medieval street network, or a right of way or ancient footpath. Similar paths also exist in some older north american towns and cities. In some older urban development in north america lanes at the rear of houses, to allow for deliveries and garbage collection, are called alleys. Alleys and ginnels were also the product of the 1875 public health act in the united kingdom, where usually alleys run along the back of streets of terraced houses, with ginnels connecting them to the street every fifth house. [ citation needed] alleys may be paved, or unpaved, and a blind alley is a cul-de-sac. Modern urban developments may also provide a service road to allow for waste collection, or rear access for fire engines and parking.

Because of geography, steps ( stairs) are the predominant form of alley in hilly cities and towns.Work out housing benefit this includes pittsburgh (see steps of pittsburgh), cincinnati (see steps of cincinnati), minneapolis, seattle, [3] and san francisco [4] in the united states, as well as hong kong, [5] genoa and rome. [6]

Some alleys are roofed because they are within buildings, such as the traboules of lyon, or when they are a pedestrian passage through railway embankments in britain. The latter follow the line of rights-of way that existed before the railway was built.

Arcades are another kind of covered passageway and the simplest kind are no more than alleys to which a glass roof was added later, like, for example, howey place, melbourne, australia (see also block place, melbourne). However, most arcades differ from alleys in that they are architectural structures built with a commercial purpose and are a form of shopping mall.Work out housing benefit all the same alleys have for long been associated with various types of businesses, especially pubs and coffee houses. Bazaars and souqs are an early form of arcade found in asia and north africa. North america [ edit ]

Some attractive historic alleys are found in older american and canadian cities, like new york city, philadelphia, charleston, south carolina, boston, annapolis, new castle, delaware, quebec city, st john’s, newfoundland, [7] and victoria, british columbia.

Québec city was originally built on the riverside bluff cap diamant in the 17th century, and throughout quebec city there are strategically placed public stairways that link the bluff to the lower parts of the city. [8] the upper city is the site of old québec’s most significant historical sites, including 17th- and 18th-century chapels, the citadel and the city ramparts.Work out housing benefit victoria [ edit ]

Fan tan alley is an alley in victoria, british columbia’s chinatown. It was originally a gambling district with restaurants, shops, and opium dens. Today it is a tourist destination with many small shops including a barber shop, art gallery, chinese cafe and apartments. It may well be the narrowest street in canada. At its narrowest point it is only 0.9 metres (35 in) wide. [9] waddington alley is another interesting alley in victoria and the only street in that city still paved with wood blocks, an early pavement common in the downtown core. Other heritage features are buildings more than a century old lining the alley and a rare metal carriage curb that edges the sidewalk on the southern end. [10]

New york city’s manhattan is unusual in that it has very few alleys, since the commissioner’s plan of 1811 did not include rear service alleys when it created manhattan’s grid.Work out housing benefit the exclusion of alleys has been criticized as a flaw in the plan, since services such as garbage pickup cannot be provided out of sight of the public, although other commentators feel that the lack of alleys is a benefit to the quality of life of the city. [20]

Two notable alleys in the greenwich village neighborhood in manhattan are macdougal alley and washington mews. [21] the latter is a blind alley or cul-de-sac. Greenwich village also has a number of private alleys that lead to back houses, which can only be accessed by residents, including grove court, [22] patchin place and milligan place, blind alleys. Patchin place is notable for the writers who lived there. [23]

Shubert alley is a 300-foot (91 m) long pedestrian alley at the heart of the broadway theater district of new york city. The alley was originally created as a fire exit between the shubert theatre on west 45th street and the booth theatre on west 44th street, and the astor hotel to their east.Work out housing benefit actors once gathered in the alley, hoping to attract the attention of the shubert brothers and get employment in their theatrical productions. [24] when the hotel was torn down, and replaced with one astor plaza (1515 broadway), the apparent width of the alley increased, as the new building did not go all the way to the westernmost edge of the building lot. However, official, shubert alley consists only of the space between the two theatres and the lot line.

Lombard street and change alley had been the open-air meeting place of london’s mercantile community before thomas gresham founded the royal exchange in 1565. [58] in 1698, john castaing began publishing the prices of stocks and commodities in jonathan’s coffeehouse, providing the first evidence of systematic exchange of securities in london.

In 1761 a club of 150 brokers and jobbers was formed to trade stocks.Work out housing benefit the club built its own building in nearby sweeting’s alley in 1773, dubbed the new jonathan’s, later renamed the stock exchange. [60]

West of the city there are a number of alleys just north of trafalgar square, including brydges place which is situated right next to the coliseum theatre and just 15 inches wide at its narrowest point, only one person can walk down it at a time. It is the narrowest alley in london and runs for 200 yards (180 m), connecting st martin’s lane with bedfordbury in covent garden. [61]

Close by is another very narrow passage, lazenby court, which runs from rose street to floral street down the side of the lamb and flag pub; in order to pass people must turn slightly sideways. The lamb & flag in rose street has a reputation as the oldest pub in the area, [62] though records are not clear.Work out housing benefit the first mention of a pub on the site is 1772. [63] the lazenby court was the scene of an attack on the famous poet and playwright john dryden in 1679 by thugs hired by john wilmot, 2nd earl of rochester, [64] with whom he had a long-standing conflict. [65]

In the same neighbourhood cecil court has an entirely different character than the two previous alleys, and is a spacious pedestrian street with victorian shop-frontages that links charing cross road with st. Martin’s lane, and it is sometimes used as a location by film companies. [66] [67]

One of the older thoroughfares in covent garden, cecil court dates back to the end of the 17th century. A tradesman’s route at its inception, it later acquired the nickname flicker alley because of the concentration of early film companies in the court. [68] the first film-related company arrived in cecil court in 1897, a year after the first demonstration of moving pictures in the united kingdom and a decade before london’s first purpose built cinema opened its doors.Work out housing benefit since the 1930s it has been known as the new booksellers’ row as it is home to nearly twenty antiquarian and second-hand independent bookshops.

It was the temporary home of an eight-year-old wolfgang amadeus mozart while he was touring europe in 1764. For almost four months the mozart family lodged with barber john couzin. [69] according to some modern authorities, mozart composed his first symphony while a resident of cecil court. [70]

North of the centre of london, camden passage is a pedestrian passage off upper street in the london borough of islington, famous because of its many antiques shops, and an antique market on wednesdays and saturday mornings. It was built, as an alley, along the backs of houses on upper street, then islington high street, in 1767. [71] southern england [ edit ]

• in east sussex, west sussex and surrey, twitten is used, for a narrow path between two walls or hedges.Work out housing benefit it is still in official use in some towns including lewes, brighton, and cuckfield. [72] [73] loughton also has twittens, the only essex example of use of the word and an indication of a very old street pattern; loughton also has a track known locally as the widden, a variant of twitten. [74] in north-west essex and east hertfordshire twichell is common. In other parts of essex, alley or path is used.

• in the city of brighton and hove (in east sussex), the lanes is a collection of narrow lanes famous for their small shops (including several antique shops) and narrow alleyways. The area was part of the original settlement of brighthelmstone, but the lanes were built up during the late 18th century and were fully laid out by 1792. [75]

• more generally in devon any narrow public way which is less commodious than a lane may be called a drangway (from drang, as a dialectal variation of throng); typically it will be used on horseback or on foot with or without animals, but may also be for occasional use with vehicles. [77] the word, according to david crystal, is also used throughout the west of england, wiltshire, hampshire and the isle of wight, as well as wales. [78]