Social Security in Japan 2014 Public Assistance _ IPSS council housing benefit calculator

Until recently, it was widely believed that japan had solved the poverty problem. The notion that japan had achieved economic growth and achieved an egalitarian society has sunk deep into the japanese public consciousness so much so that it has become a source of national pride and identity. In fact, already back in the 1960s, the living standard of people was rising rapidly and problems of food shortage after world war II had become things of the past. The term “a middle-class nation” was coined to describe japan in the 1970s and it was believed that all people, even the most disadvantaged, had benefited from the economic growth. The government stopped collecting and publishing statistics on poverty in the 1960s, and poverty dropped from the policy discourse.

However, since the 1970s, japan’s poverty rate has been rising steadily.Council housing benefit calculator as in figure 1, the relative poverty rate of japan has increased 4 percentage points from 1985 to 2009, making japan one of the top five countries among the OECD countries with a high poverty rate.

The principle (4) of public assistance states that public assistance must be a supplement to the person’s best efforts and available resources. In other words, the person is required to use all available resources, including assets, ability to work, as well as assistance from those who are required to support the person by law. Assets such as land, houses and farms must be sold, except in the case where the person is actually living or utilizing it and the value of the assets is higher when it is utilized than when it is sold. Household goods such as tvs are allowed if more than 70% of the population in the region possess the item.Council housing benefit calculator

As for the ability to work, the person will not be able to receive assistance if he/she is judged as capable to work. If the person has a will and ability to work, but is unable to find work, it is unlikely that he/she would be given assistance.

The civil law states that certain relatives and family members are required to support a person in need. Thus, public assistance is given only after it is judged that this support is not available. In practice, spouses and parents of a minor (less than 20 years old) have strong responsibility to support the person.

The public assistance is one of the oldest programs among social security system in japan. The recent upward trend in the number of recipients and expenditure of public assistance has become controversial, and the public assistance program has become one of the main targets for budget restraint in the policy debate.Council housing benefit calculator one of the criticisms of the program was that the benefit level is too high, compared to the income level of people who do not receive public assistance benefits. For example, the benefit level for single-mothers was pointed out to be higher than many single-mothers who are “managing on their own.” while many scholars argue that this is not the problem of the benefit level, per se, the problem is the fact that many people do not receive the benefit even though their income level is so low (i.E. The take-up rate of the program is rather low. The take-up rate is the percentage of those who are actually receiving the benefit among who are eligible to receive the benefit.). The government had demolished the additional benefit which was previously given to single-mothers and elderly households by march 2007. However, the benefit for single-mothers was reintroduced in december 2009.Council housing benefit calculator from august 2013, the government decided to reduce the amount of livelihood assistance, the major component of the minimum standard of living, by as much as 10% for some households, to compensate for the declining consumer price index. There is a wide spread outcry against this measure.

There have been a number of policy initiatives which target the poor in recent years. One of which, the law to assist those experiencing hardship (生活困窮者支援法), was debated extensively in 2012 and 2013, and was enacted in 2014. This law aims to establish comprehensive welfare service offices throughout the nation. It is intended as a one-stop service provider for those in need. Another initiative is the enactment of the law on measures to counter child poverty as previously mentioned. It mandates the japanese government to plan comprehensive policy to combat child poverty and to implement the plan.Council housing benefit calculator it states as the guiding principle that the aim of policies to combat child poverty is to realize a society in which a children’s future is not influenced by circumstances in which they are born into. The law calls for basic policy framework to be enacted by the committee on combating child poverty which will be assembled within a year after its enactment, and mandates the government to announce the state of child poverty and policies every year.